social security

  • Introduction to welfare rights

    training course

    This is essential training if you are starting off as a welfare rights adviser or need a good understanding of the benefits system. It introduces you to the key resources and skills you need and takes you through the main benefits in detail.

    A complimentary copy of CPAG’s Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook and a certificate is awarded to those completing all five days of the course.

    The course covers:

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  • Past presence test and aggregation rules

    Last updated: December 4, 2018
    test case

     Kavanagh v Secretary of State and Pensions CDLA/373/2016, 2016 [UKUT] 0547 (AAC)

    This appeal concerns the application of the ‘past presence’ test that requires disability benefit claimants to be resident in Great Britain for 104 weeks out of the 156 weeks prior to the claim. However, for claimants to whom an EU regulation applies, the past presence test is disapplied if they can establish a genuine and sufficient link to the UK social security system. Alternatively, they can seek to satisfy the 2 year rule by aggregating qualifying periods spent in another EU country under Article 6 of EU Regulation 883/2004. EU Regulation 883/2004 coordinates social security systems in the EU and Article 6 provides that certain periods of time spent in one member state can be aggregated when considering presence tests in another.

  • Legislation


    The Scottish Government is introducing new legislation to underpin the new Scottish social security system.


    March 2016          Scotland Act 2016

    June 2018            Social Security (Scotland) Act 2018 

  • Policy on Scottish benefits

    CPAG in Scotland policy on Scottish benefits

    More content wil be added here when available. For more general CPAG in Scotland policy, see our 'Briefings and consultation responses'.

    Scottish Government policy on social security

    Social security policy

    Social Security (Scotland) Bill Policy Memorandum


    Rights-based approach

  • Scottish social security


    Guide to the new Scottish social security system

    Some social security benefits are changing in Scotland. Use this guide to find out what is changing and when.

    Scottish benefits

    Find out which benefits are different in Scotland, and who can get them.

    Policy on Scottish benefits

    Find out more about policy on Scottish benefits.

  • Refusal to accept late mandatory reconsideration requests

    Last updated: September 25, 2017
    test case

    Update - 25 September 2017 - on 4 August 2017 a three-judge panel of the Upper Tribunal decided that, where a claimant makes a mandatory reconsideration request at any time within 13 months of the original decision, s/he will, if dissatisfied, subsequently be entitled to appeal to a First-tier Tribunal.

  • CPAG Response to Social Security (Scotland) Bill Call for Evidence

    August 2017

    A well-functioning social security system is a key pillar for the prevention and eradication of poverty.

    CPAG in Scotland sets out its views here on the Social Security (Scotland) Bill in response to the Scottish Parliament Social Security Committee's Call for Evidence.

  • Benefits and tax credits law update

    training course

    Social security law and tax credit law can change from day to day and advisers need to keep abreast of developments to advise their clients correctly. Arranged under topic headings and concentrating on caselaw, this essential one-day course looks at the most important changes in benefit and tax credits law from the previous six months.

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  • Scottish Social Security Consortium


    What is the Consortium?

    The Consortium is a network of policy, parliamentary and rights workers from national voluntary sector organisations based in Scotland.

  • Initial thoughts on devolution

    October 2014

    Further devolution in Scotland should be underpinned by clear strategic objectives and principles. The merits of any settlement should be judged on the extent to which they provide a realistic opportunity to reduce child poverty and wider socio-economic inequality.